Capacity Development and Coordination Tools, Frameworks and Guidelines
- Green Recovery and Reconstruction Toolkit (GRRT) - A training program designed to increase awareness and knowledge of environmentally sustainable disaster response approaches. (N.B. Includes tool 3.4 below). This is preparedness effort done prior to a sudden onset event.
- Capacity for Disaster Reduction Initiative (CADRI) - CADRI is an inter-agency program that focuses on enabling the United Nations (UN) and other members of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) system to support Governments in building and implementing a coherent framework for developing national capacities for disaster risk reduction, including preparedness for emergency response. This is preparedness effort done prior to a sudden onset event.
- The Sphere Project (SPHERE) - Sphere was initiated to create a set of universal minimum standards in core areas of humanitarian response, resulting in the development of the Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response. Are part of the response community’s preparedness effort and part of the response and recovery stages.
- Framework for Assessing, Monitoring and Evaluating the Environment in Refugee-Related Operations (FRAME) Toolkit - Toolkit tailored for refugee/displacement situations that provides guidelines on environmental assessments, rapid environmental assessments, community environmental action planning, environmental indicators, geographic information systems (GIS) and evaluations. The timeframe covers potentially a wide timeframe. From 48-72 hours after a disaster through recovery stages.
- Multi-Cluster Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA) - The MIRA is a joint needs assessment tool that provides a process for collecting and analyzing information on affected people and their needs to inform strategic response planning.
Phase 1: 0 – 72 hours
Phase 2: 72 hours – 2 weeks
- Disaster Waste Management Guidelines (DWMG) - The DWMG was developed with the aim of supporting the full cycle of disaster waste management, from risk reduction and contingency planning through to emergency planning response following a disaster of conflict. General guidance from identification to disposal of waste and are divided into four phases: immediate (0-72 hours), short-term, medium-term, and long-term actions.
- Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at the Local Level (APELL) - UN Environment initiated APELL program to advise national governments on how in cooperation with industry, they could work with local leaders to identify the potential hazards in their communities, and to prepare measures to respond to industrial accidents. This is preparedness effort done prior to a sudden onset event.
- IASC Operational Guidance on Coordinated Assessments in Humanitarian Crises (IASC-CA) - The Operational Guidance promotes a shared vision of how to plan and carry out coordinated assessments. Outputs from coordinated assessments support humanitarian decision-making by focusing on how to enhance preparedness and coordinate assessments. From the first 72 hours to four weeks after a sudden-onset event.
Preparedness and Response Support Tools
- Index for Risk Management (InfoRM) - InfoRM is a composite indicator that identifies the countries at a high risk of humanitarian crisis that are more likely to require international assistance. Core indicators have been chosen to respond to changes in the environment, among other things. This is preparedness effort done prior to a sudden onset event.
- Environmental Emergency Risk Index (EERI) - The EERI builds upon existing humanitarian, development and environmental performance indices to support prioritizing work on environmental emergency preparedness and environment in humanitarian action. This is preparedness effort done prior to a sudden onset event.
- UNITAR Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) - UNOSAT provides high-quality geo-spatial information to UN decision makers, member states, international organizations and non-governmental organizations. Can be used during preparedness efforts through post-disaster/conflict response and recovery.
- GeoQ and MediaQ - GeoQ is a web-based tool that fuses together data about a disaster site, including maps, imagery, news videos, and even social media from citizens at the scene. MediaQ is an online media management framework to collect, organize, share, search, and trade user-generated mobile images and videos by the public. Content can be linked to GeoQ for mobile video data collection and management in disasters.Can be used from the beginning of sudden onset emergencies through the recovery and reconstruction phases.
- The Environment Marker (EM) - The Environment Marker is designed to code humanitarian projects depending on their potential negative impact on the environment and whether or not enhancement or mitigation measures to reduce this impact have been integrated into the project. After the disaster takes place but before the recovery effort.
Targeted Disaster/Conflict Response Toolkits and Assessments
- Hazard Identification Tool (HIT) - The HIT is based on the FEAT and is designed to alert the UN Country Team as quickly as possible after a natural disaster to potential secondary risks posed by large infrastructure and industrial facilities containing hazardous materials located in the affected area. Can be used at different levels in the disaster management cycle: from response to response preparedness and disaster risk reduction activities.
- Flash Environmental Assessment Tool (FEAT) - The FEAT is a “first aid” tool to identify environmental impacts, and support initial response actions in disaster contexts. It is a science-based impact assessment tool that translates large quantities of information on compounds, their environmental behavior, and their toxicity into basic effect types. Immediately following disasters.
- Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment in Disasters (REA) - Used to quickly identify environmental issues that have resulted from the disaster, to help project designers prioritize their environmental activities, and to enable issues identified in the assessment to inform the overall recovery effort. Designed for use 1 to 2 weeks post-disaster/crisis and within the first 120 days after the crisis.
- Environmental Stewardship Review for Humanitarian Aid (ESR) - Developed as a tool for evaluating the environmental impacts of humanitarian aid projects with a focus on the recovery and reconstruction phases after the disaster. (N.B. Is included in tool 1.1 above.) To be completed in one to three hours and can be done during the recovery and reconstruction phases.
- Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment (PCEA) - PCEAs in general describe the existing condition of the key environmental sectors that have been impacted by conflict or may have contributed to a conflict in each country. The primary focus of a PCEA, however, is on addressing future environmental challenges. Begins at the request of a Member State when it is possible to deploy field teams safely after the conflict.
- Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) - A PDNA is a government-led exercise that provides a platform for the international community to assist the affected Government in recovery and reconstruction. It provides a coordinated and credible basis for recovery and reconstruction planning while incorporating risk reduction measures and financing plans. PDNA’s begin when national authorities request the assistance. PDNA reports are finalized approximately six weeks after they begin.
- Post-Conflict Needs Assessment (PCNA) - A PCNA identifies key needs in a country emerging from conflict. The PCNA is formally government-led, and usually jointly coordinated by national stakeholders and multilateral agencies. PCNA’s begin when national authorities request the assistance and assessments. Most PCNAs take between two and twelve months to complete and cover two to four years of activities.