Georgia Environmental Performance Reviews – Third Review. UNECE
This third Environmental Performance Review (EPR) of Georgia takes stock of progress made by the country in the management of its environment since it was peer reviewed for the second time in 2010, and assesses the implementation of the recommendations made in the second review. It covers issues of specific importance to the country related to legal and policy frameworks, the financing of environmental expenditures, greening the economy, air protection, water and waste management and biodiversity conservation. It also examines the efforts of Georgia to integrate environmental considerations in its policies in the agriculture, energy, industry, transport, forestry, tourism and health sectors. The review further provides a substantive and policy analysis of the country’s climate change adaptation and mitigation measures, and its participation in international mechanisms.
The successes of Georgia in the achievement of most of the Millennium Development Goals are highlighted, as well as some remaining challenges. Governments are now discussing the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, as well as the follow-up and review of progress in the achievement of its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This third review, together with its recommendations, should assist all national stakeholders in developing an aspirational national agenda for achieving these goals.
The third EPR of Georgia began in March 2014 with a preparatory mission to agree on the structure of the report and establish a schedule for its completion. As decided, a team of international experts then took part in a review mission from 16 to 24 September 2014 as well as an update mission in May 2015. The draft report was submitted to Georgia for comments and to the ECE Expert Group on Environmental Performance Reviews for consideration in September 2015. During its meeting on 13 and 14 October 2015, the Expert Group discussed the draft report with expert representatives of the Government of Georgia, focusing on the conclusions and recommendations made by the international experts. The recommendations, with suggested amendments from
the Expert Group, were then submitted to the Committee on Environmental Policy for a peer review at its twenty-first session on 29 October 2015. A high-level delegation from Georgia articipated in the peer review and the Committee adopted the recommendations in this report.
The Committee and the ECE secretariat are grateful to the Government of Georgia and its experts who worked with the international experts and contributed their knowledge and assistance. ECE would like to express its appreciation to the German Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety and the German Federal Environment Agency for their support by providing funds through the Advisory
Assistance Programme, and also to Switzerland for their financial contribution. Sincere thanks also go to France, the Netherlands, Portugal, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Joint UNEP/Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Environment Unit for having provided their experts, and to the United Nations Development Programme for their support of this review.